The NIDA Blog Team April 25, How much do you really know about why people become addicted to drugs, whether marijuana can be medicine, and what causes a hangover? This year, NIDA scientists answered more than 1, questions from teens and others about drug and alcohol use. Great question, and a hard one.
At 8 am, when licensed stores were permitted to begin sales, hundreds waited eagerly in lines that wrapped around buildings and jubilant customers tweeted photos of their receipts. Although 20 states currently allow medical marijuana, Colorado and Washington became the first to legalize marijuana possession for recreational use, and more than a dozen states are considering following suit.
But while the push for liberalizing marijuana laws at the state level is gaining steam, not everyone is celebrating. Against Legalization, by Leah Barkoukis There is no question which direction public opinion is sway- ing on the marijuana legalization front.
For the first time, a clear majority of Americans 58 percent favor legalization, an October Gallup poll found—a drastic increase from the 12 percent who favored it in when the polling organization first asked the question.
Marijuana advocates contend that the drug is generally harmless and is no more dangerous than alcohol. These acute symptoms are proving to have a disastrous effect on driving, resulting in needless deaths and injuries when users get behind the wheel.
Fatal car accidents involving marijuana have tripled in the last decade, a new study from Columbia University found—a problem that will likely escalate with an increased prevalence of marijuana use in society.
Additionally, regular users may experience the same respiratory problems tobacco smokers do including lung infections and a diminished immune system, according to the National Institute of Health.
Approximately nine percent of users one in 11 become dependent. The drug is especially addictive for teenagers, increasing the odds to one in six; and for daily users, it ranges from between one in three and one in two. In alone, more thanpeople voluntarily went to treatment facilities reporting marijuana as their primary substance of abuse.
A Threat to Children Although advocates are pushing legalization for adults, the debate in society cannot exclude the effect legalization will have on youth because, as it stands, roughly 46 percent of teens will have tried marijuana by the time they graduate high school, and according to researchers at the University of Michigan, nearly 5.
Christian Thurstone, medical director of a busy adolescent substance abuse treatment program in Denver, said in an interview with NPR.
As the drug becomes legal in more places, medicinally or recreationally, availability will undoubtedly increase and the perceived harmfulness will only continue to diminish as public opinion and laws change.
When teenagers are withdrawing from marijuana, they can be aggressive and get into fights or instigate conflicts that lead to more trouble.
This was one of the rationales given for legalization in Colorado. The vast majority of people in state or federal prison for marijuana-related crimes are major traffickers and distributors, however. Of the drug defendants sentenced in federal court for marijuana offenses inonly 1.
Although there are criminal justice costs related to federal, state, and local marijuana laws, those costs will not necessarily be reduced and could possibly be exacerbated by legalization or decriminalization.
For example, there were 2. And since alcohol is of course a legal and highly regulated substance, legalizing or decriminalizing marijuana does not necessarily mean then that the burden placed on our justice system and law enforcement will be reduced. Prevention is critical and good programs in schools and communities are seriously lacking.
Only 8 percent of U.
Better programs must be created and they need to be implemented well and monitored for effectiveness. For Legalization, by Christine Rousselle Prohibitions on marijuana have existed in some form in the United States since the s, with a wide federal ban on the sale, consumption, transportation, or production of the substance enacted in the s.
The War on Drugs began inand government has spent trillions fighting various substances, including marijuana. These prohibitions have failed to prevent people from using marijuana.
According to a Gallup poll, 38 percent of adults in the United States report trying marijuana at least once, with 49 percent of respondents ages admitting that they have used the drug at some point.
These numbers are a slight increase from 34 percent in If anti-drug advocates would like to see the percentage of people using marijuana decrease, they should look to the successes the anti-tobacco lobby has had.
Rates of tobacco smoking are at all-time lows, with fewer than one out of five adults now smoking. The percentage of adults who smoke cigarettes has decreased substantially sincewhen nearly a quarter of all adults were regular smokers. While laws have been passed that restrict the areas a person can smoke tobacco and taxes have been imposed on the substance, it still remains legal.
Other factors besides outright prohibitions have pushed people away from cigarettes. One commonly cited reason against the decriminalization of marijuana is that children and teens will have increased access to the drug. Sincea plurality of teens surveyed by the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse reported that marijuana is easier for them to buy than beer, with 25 percent of teens saying that they could access marijuana within an hour.
Just as the current laws have not stopped adults from consuming marijuana, they have not stopped children or teens from smoking as well. Further, a full 60 percent of 12th graders said that they did not view marijuana as harmful.
These figures are either increased or constant from the survey.Legalization of Drugs - Legalize It or Not to Legalize It?. Legalize it or not to legalize it?, this is the question.
The question of whether to legalize drugs or not is a very controversial and important issue. Drugs affect so many areas of society. "The U.S.
1, Words | 6 Pages. Drugs and Legalization. Mar 30, · In the last few years, the legalization of Marijuana became both a prominent and controversial issue in our country and remains an extremely Continue Reading Essay Legalize Weed: Yes or No?
Marijuana Legalization at Historic Highs. This is the first of a two-part series of blogs on marijuana use. Given that an increasing number of states now permit its use for both medical and recreational use, it is a good time to look at both the legal and ethical issues whether the use of marijuana is (or should be) permissible and under what circumstances.
Legalizing Medical Marijuana The debate over whether to legalize marijuana has been one of the most controversial issues dividing courts, the federal government, state governments, and voters.
In , Arizona and California voters overwhelmingly approved the legalization of marijuana for medicinal purposes. Discussion of Legalization of Drugs In modern society, nowadays, there is a large debate on whether the drugs should be legalized.
Nov 05, · The question of whether to legalize drugs or not is a very controversial and important issue. Drugs affect so many areas of society. "The U.S. population has an extremely high rate of alcohol and drug abuse" (Grolier). Several . One of the more controversial areas in society is whether marijuana use should be permitted from a legal perspective. Twenty-nine states and the District of Columbia allow marijuana use for medical purposes. Legalizing Medical Marijuana The debate over whether to legalize marijuana has been one of the most controversial issues dividing courts, the federal government, state governments, and voters. In , Arizona and California voters overwhelmingly approved the legalization of marijuana for medicinal purposes.
Under this topic, each of us has a different value, so we may not come up with the same position, but people probably just consider the word ‘legalize’ and ignore the source of . Just as important, drug legalization would translate into higher tax revenues generated by the sale of these newly-legalized products in the open commercial marketplace.
assuming legal drugs.